Basic Income: An alternative economic solution to the problem of wealth inequality
By Daniel OudolskyPublished November 10, 2015One of the more prevalent issues that has been a constant in American political discourse is the issue of the disparity of income between the wealthy and the middle class, or the shrinking middle class of the 21st century. Numerous solutions have been regurgitated by politicians every election cycle- tax breaks/ credits for the middle class, tax increases on high income earners, higher corporate tax rates. Yet such seemingly viable solutions have yet to see any implementation on the national scale, whilst the wealth inequality gap only increases to broaden, wages for many working American families still remain stagnant whilst the Cost of Living (COL) continues to rapidly grow. The good jobs that pay enough to raise a family onÃ¢â‚¬Å —Ã¢â‚¬Å the 20th Century manufacturing jobs that you didn't need a college degree to getÃ¢â‚¬Å —Ã¢â‚¬Å have mostly moved away to countries such as China and Mexico where the labor costs are much cheaper. Yet perhaps it is now time for politicians and policy makers to consider a different solution entirely to this economic quagmire- the enactment of a universal basic income in the United States. In the 21st century economy, it's time that we reform the social welfare programs of the 20th century—welfare, food stamps, unemployment benefits, that are intended to provide to foundational social safety net for every citizen- rich, poor, old or young- because the traditional system of welfare programs stemming from the Johnson era of the "Great Society" is no longer compatible in our tech-driven economy. When our economy can no longer improve the economic livelihood of the working poor and low income households. The nature of work is constantly changing, and it's time for our policy makers to reform and fix what's broken- making the American Dream an attainable reality for many once again.
And what's a basic income you may ask? A basic income is an income unconditionally granted to all on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement. According to the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights Article 25 states that "Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control." Basic income is a form of minimum income guarantee that differs from traditional income supplemental social programs. The basic income (BI) would differentiate in these three ways:
- It is being paid to individuals rather than households;
- It is paid irrespective of any income from other sources;
- It is paid without requiring the performance of any work or the willingness to accept a job if offered.