Roosevelt Institute | Cornell University

Center for Healthcare Policy

Want to Eat Healthier? - Politicians are Trying to Help

By Lisa Yu Published June 18, 2018

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Over the past few years, calorie labeling on menus in many restaurants has become the standard after the federal government passed a new food labeling law that became effective on December 1, 2015. While it seems like this is a great idea, does this regulation really having the positive effect we're hoping for?


Medicaid Work Requirements Provide Reasons for Concern

By Isabella Harnick Published June 18, 2018

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The Trump Administration has recently decided to allow states to impose work requirements for Medicaid enrollees in an effort to incentivize work. However, incorporating work requirements can undermine its intended goal and threaten the coverage of millions of Americans


Unarmed Against Gun Violence

By Evin Rothschild Published June 18, 2018

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Even with clarification in the new spending bill stating the CDC can do research on gun violence, no money has been allocated for investigators to do this research. Without substantial data, no effective policy measure can be designed to combat gun violence in the United States.


Stopping the Cycle of Opioid Addiction - The Important Role of Drug Drop Off Boxes and Prevention

By Catherine Gorey Published June 18, 2018

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Opioid addiction has been named an epidemic in America. Drug drop off programs adopted by retail pharmacy chains may be the key to increasing community awareness of the role we all play in enforcing safe medical practices.


Where Can I Find the School Psychologist? - The Dearth of Mental Health Support in America's Schools

By Isabelle Aboaf Published June 18, 2018

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There are far too few psychologists in U.S. schools. That exacerbates student stressors and takes a toll on the mental wellbeing necessary for positive youth and adolescent development.


The Double-Edged Sword of Prescription Drugs in the U.S

By Daniel Huynh Published November 2, 2017

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Current prescription drugs in the U.S have allowed medical professionals to treat patients more efficiently. However, with the current skyrocketing costs of Rx drugs, many patients are left with the tough decision of choosing to empty their wallets or to suffer with their conditions.


Bioethical Implications of CRISPR Gene EditingBioethical Implications of CRISPR Gene Editing

By Evin Rothschild Published November 2, 2017

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The development of the CRISPR gene editing system has allowed researchers to begin to investigate possible cures to genetic diseases in somatic cells of humans. Controversy ensues when determining whether editing of the germline cells should be allowed since it creates the possibility of choosing traits for your own baby.


How to Rescue the Cost of Epipens: Add to Federal Preventative List

By Isabella Harnick Published November 2, 2017

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Within the last ten years, Epipen prices have increased from $94 to $608. With the drugmaker proving to be uncooperative in responding to the public's demands, we need to find a new solution: The federal government should include the EpiPen on its federal list of preventative services.


Looking Forward: Puerto Rico and Hurricane Maria

By Victoria Alandy Published November 2, 2017

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Hurricane Maria has been one of the most catastrophic natural disasters to hit the United States. However, our elected officials -- from Congress to the President -- have yet to appropriately address the issue. Why is there a delay? And why do we accept this neglect?


Will Healthcare Reform Slash Community Benefits?

By Andjela Cirko Published March 26, 2017

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With a new era of healthcare reform on the rise, it is possible that community health needs could be pushed aside. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires nonprofit hospitals to assess, as part of their tax exemption status, local community health needs and create implementation plans to address them.


Food Stamps are Fueling the Sugar Industry

By Andjela Cirko Published February 24, 2017

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23 million American households receive SNAP benefits. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), which oversees SNAP, a large food stamp program, recently released a report that allows individuals to see what SNAP households are purchasing. The report indicates that SNAP households spend 5% of their food budget on soft drinks, and almost 10% on "sweetened beverages," such as sodas and fruit juices.


Four-Year Birth Control

By Hannah Hyams Published February 24, 2017

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Millions of women rely on the Affordable Care Act to cover their birth control costs. But, with its impending repeal under the Trump Administration, more women are turning to IUDs, birth control alternatives that last longer than the four years of a presidency.


Philadelphia's Beverage Tax Causes Controversy

By Matthew Anticoli Published February 24, 2017

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This past January, Philadelphia became one of the first major cities in the US to pass a "soda tax," a move met with great hostility from the Philadelphia public. Where is this hostility coming from if the tax revenue is intended to support programs beneficial to the city?


Another Crisis in Flint, Michigan

By Andjela Cirko Published October 27, 2016

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The town of Flint, Michigan, is now dealing with another health concern- shigellosis. The bacterial disease causes bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever. With a bacteria that spreads rapidly and is highly contagious, and residents are hesitant to trust their governments, addressing this crisis will pose yet another monumental challenge for the people of Flint.


Too Many Spoonfuls of Sugar: Suppression of Research into Dietary Impacts of Sugar is Harming our Health

By Henry Kanengiser Published October 27, 2016

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A recent historical analysis article discovered decades-old research suppression by the sugar industry. Has avoidance of the harm of sugar in our diets led to mismanagement of diet recommendations, and if so, what can the government do to fix it?


A Cure on the Horizon?

By Jonathan Leitman Published October 27, 2016

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A new medical therapy has erased HIV completely from the body of a 44-year-old British man, prompting speculation that a cure could be discovered in the near future. The question remains, though if the FDA will fast-track this treatment for distribution here in the United States.


Financial Nonsense: Why Medicaid Doesn't Fund Abortions

By Laura Brigham Published October 27, 2016

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The Hyde Amendment has barred federal funding from being used for abortion fees for the past 40 years and severely limited low income women's access to pregnancy termination. The financial implications of this are far reaching and costing taxpayers in the long run.


Opposition to Abortion in a World of Compromise

By Matthew Anticoli Published October 27, 2016

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With the abortion debate continuing to heat up, and each side of the debate continuously moving further apart, the need for common ground is dire. To the dismay of the pro-life movement, the first steps towards compromise will have to come from their camp.


Birth Control's Increasing Accessibility

By Hannah Hyams Published October 27, 2016

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Birth control pills are one of the most widely legislated forms of medication, which had made access for women incredibly difficult for decades. But, with trends in public opinion and policy, the pill is slowly becoming more readily available to the millions of women who rely on it.


Biosimilars: The Future for the United States Pharmaceutical Industry

By Holly Grace Published October 27, 2016

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Biosimilars are biologic medicines that are produced in living cells through multi-step processes. Unlike generic drugs, which are made through chemical synthesis, the environment biosimilars are created in impacts them. With numerous leading prescription drugs losing their patents in the next few years, pharmaceutical companies are eagerly seeking ways to provide new products that are difficult to replicate and biosimilars seem to be the solution.


How Obamacare Has Increased Health Spending for the Majority of Americans

By Joshua Roth Published September 29, 2016

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In the past few weeks much has been discussed about the enormous price hike for Epi Pens (with over a 500% increase in prices from 2009 to 2016). Although an increased price for drugs and health services is very concerning, it represents only a part of the larger problem.


CHI St. Gabriel's Prescription Drug Abuse Policy

By Nethan Reddy Published September 29, 2016

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With the passing of the Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act (CARA), federal lawmakers are brainstorming new policies to address the opioid epidemic, and are turning to local programs that are using proven methods of handling community-wide substance abuse. Chi St. Gabriel's Prescription Drug Abuse Program is one such hospital worth spotlighting to inform policy.


Do Online Reviews Provide a Clearer Picture of Patient Satisfaction?

By Andjela Cirko Published September 29, 2016

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Hospitals and insurance carriers care about patient satisfaction surveys because insurance payments can be influenced not only by patient health outcomes, but by how they rate their care as well.


The Decline in Access to Mental Health care for Low-Income Americans

By Nisma Gabobe Published September 29, 2016

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There is an increasing lack of access to mental health care for low-income Americans as major insurance companies continue to pull out of Obamacare. Despite the growing problems of suicide and drug overdose in this country, there is a continued disparity between services in mental and medical care, which lowers the health and thus the quality of life prospects of low-income Americans with mental illness as the need for mental care is ignored in favor of medical care.


Reaching Out to Teens to Help Stop Hunger

By Holly Grace Published September 29, 2016

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No Kid Hungry, the BackPack Program, and Feed the Children are just a few of the numerous programs that have been created in recent years to end child hunger. With 1 in 6 children in the United States facing hunger, it is nationally recognized that children from impoverished families should be given nutritious food to help with their growth and development.


Politics Hamper Zika Response in Florida

By Clay Davis Published September 29, 2016

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In the months preceding the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games, a new mosquito borne public health crisis called Zika shook Latin America. Usually, the Zika virus is relatively benign. The virus has hit some areas of the United States and territories especially hard. And on February 22nd, the Obama administration requested $1.9 billion in emergency funding for Zika from Congress.


Do-It-Yourself Healthcare Improves Cost-Effectiveness in the United States

By Holly Grace Published March 23, 2016

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In a country that spends a large portion of its GDP on healthcare, the cost-effectiveness of this care is extremely lacking, causing people to turn to Do-It-Yourself products to diagnose their illnesses. Startup companies are embracing this opening in the market by developing new apps and other forms of technology for consumers to use.


The Ithaca Drug Policy Plan

By Nethan Reddy Published March 23, 2016

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Recently, a statement by Ithaca mayor Svante Myrick made national headlines. Mayor Myrick announced that that the city is ready to be the first to have the country's first supervised heroin injection site. Amidst the press blitz, the fact that the opening of the this injection site is only one component of an entire comprehensive policy seems to be overlooked. Why is this detail something we should think about?


The Lasting Impacts of the ACA on Birth Control in the United States

By Henry Kanengiser Published March 23, 2016

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Amidst legal controversy and political vitriol, the contraception mandate in the Affordable Care Act has saved billions for women across the country. As the impacts of the ACA set in, how exactly how has the act shaped access to birth control and contraceptives for the American people?


A New Bill for Sexual Assault Survivors?

By Jennifer Eppinger Published March 23, 2016

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According to the U.S. Department of Justice's National Crime Victimization Survey, an average of 293,066 individuals (age 12 or older) become victims of rape and sexual assault each year. Put in other words, every 107 seconds, less than two minutes, another American is either raped or sexually assaulted. Unfortunately, these victims often have a difficult decision to make: to report or not to report.


Medicare for All: Bernie Sanders' Plan

By VJ Satish Published March 23, 2016

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Bernie Sanders believes that humans have a right to health care and that it should be guaranteed to all Americans. This article will focus on his policies in comparison to the ones currently in place and their potential implications.


How Ithaca May Lead the Way in Solving America's Heroin Crisis

By Nisma Gabobe Published March 23, 2016

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The controversial legislation proposed by Ithaca mayor Svante Myrick would establish the first government supervised heroin injection facility in the United States. While this proposal is receiving plenty of backlash, current policies are failing to contain the heroin epidemic and these new rehabilitative and preventative measures have been effective in other countries.


How The Ithaca Plan Aims to Curb Heroin Use

By Mandira Talwar Published March 23, 2016

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Why has heroin has become so problematic in the United States and how can Ithaca's proposal help curb it locally and nationally?


America's Gift to the World: Pharmaceutical Drugs

By Alex Iglesias Published March 23, 2016

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The United States spends more on healthcare than any other nation is a common phrase heard when discussing health care reform. While there is overspending in the system, a portion of our 'excess spending' on pharmaceuticals could be seen as a gift to the world.


The Zika Virus: Responses to Global Pandemics Post-Ebola

By Rebecca Suh Published March 23, 2016

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The mosquito-borne Zika Virus has now spread to over 39 countries and has been declared a global health emergency by the W.H.O. But is it a legitimate threat that necessitates over 2 billion in funding between the U.S. and the W.H.O. alone?


Medicare Advantage and Fear of the Unknown

By Alex Gomez Published March 23, 2016

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Cost-cutting measures put into effect by the Affordable Care Act led industry experts and government officials to predict a mass exodus from Medicare Advantage Plans. Six years after the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, these predictions have been proven wrong. Enrollment in Medicare Advantage has increased by more than 50%, highlighting the fear private insurers have in taking on people enrolling through public marketplaces.


Sanders' Single Payer Plan: How Would it Work

By Michelle Xiong Published March 23, 2016

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Presidential candidate Senator Bernie Sanders has introduced the idea of converting the U.S. Healthcare financing system to a single payer system. Debate has been sparked over the potential consequences and its overall feasibility of implementing this policy as the elections draw nearer.


The Politics of Syringe Exchange

By Nethan Reddy Published March 23, 2016

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Despite legislators' awareness of syringe exchange as an effective method to reduce disease transmission, there are concerns as to how permanent the recent lifting of the federal ban on these programs is. The reform could be seen as an urgent, short-term response to recent HIV outbreaks instead of a recognition for the benefits of syringe exchange as a practice.


Doctor Shortage in the United States

By Amy Kim Published February 25, 2016

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While the ACA has increased insurance coverage to insure an aging American population that is characterized by chronic and degenerative diseases, the supply of doctors is shrinking. Fortunately, technological advances and telemedicine help create reasons to remain optimistic.


Obama and Biden's Moonshot: How They Plan to Cure Cancer

By Henry Kanengiser Published February 25, 2016

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In what was supposed to be a casual, victory lap of a speech, President Obama made history during his State of the Union this year. Akin to President Kennedy's State of the Union declaration that America would put the first man on the moon, Mr. Obama made a similarly grandiose proposal to "make America the country that cures cancer once and for all."


Substance Abuse In The United States

By Nethan Reddy Published November 2, 2015

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Recent rises in illicit drug use, in particular painkillers, have raised national concern over the problem of substance abuse. President Obama, as well as current presidential candidates, have announced plans to combat this widespread issue.


Stubborn Stigma of Mental Disorders

By Angelica Culio Published November 2, 2015

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In less than 5 years, mental illness and substance-abuse disorders are predicted to outpace all physical disorders as causes of disability worldwide. Despite this, only 41% of those individuals with a mental illness seek help for their symptoms. Why is the stigma associated with seeking treatment so challenging to overcome?


Age-Associated Financial Vulnerability: An Issue for Public Health or Personal Finance?

By Henry Kanengiser Published November 2, 2015

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A recent article was published requesting the classification of Age-Associated Financial Vulnerability (AAFV) as a clinical syndrome. This would be a financially effective medicalization process for two reasons. First, it would bring attention to a significantly underreported issue by providing elderly Americans - a population at severe risk of financial abuse - with ways to protect themselves. Secondly, it may help assuage the critics of the immense Medicare budget, as financially abused elderly comprise a large portion of the population that requires welfare support in nursing facilities.


Most Expensive Yet Least Effective Health Care System

By Amy Kim Published November 2, 2015

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The U.S. health system is often described as the most inefficient, heterogeneous, fragmented, and advanced system of care in the world. The United States currently spends more money per person on health than any other developed country; however, health outcomes are among the worst. For every $1 spent on medical care, $0.30 is wasted, which translates into an annual $750 billion waste. Excessive administrative costs, unnecessary services, and inflated prices of drugs and medical services are among the many factors that contribute to the inefficiency of a fragmented health care system in America. While the goal of the Affordable Care Act of 2010 is to address some of these problems, it is still too early to be able to draw definitive conclusions.


American Academy of Pediatrics Urge to Regulate E-Cigarettes and Raise the Smoking Age to 21

By Beccy Suh Published November 2, 2015

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As education surrounding the dangers of cigarettes increases, products such as e-cigarettes are becoming more popular. But how accurate are the claims that are presented by e-cigarette manufacturers? What other possible solutions are there to an epidemic that will claim the lives of 5.6 million people in the next generation?


The Effort to Increase Transparency In the Pharmaceutical Industry and Eliminate Controversial Drug Pricing

By Rebecca Shohet Published November 2, 2015

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With the recent rising prices of pharmaceutical drugs, Americans are demanding full transparency of these companies to understand how these exuberant prices for medications are decided on. Although various aspects of pharma companies' expenses have become public in the last few years, they are still weary to disclose sensitive information such as the amount of funding they get for research and trials as well as the method they use to set prices. Many Americans have started grass-roots movements to protest these price increases and both state and federal governments have opposed pharma companies by forcing them to disclose their finances. Two democratic candidates in the 2016 presidential election have also spoken vehemently about various approaches to lower these drug prices.


The Cadillac Tax - The Good, the Bad and How It Will Impact the Future of Health Care

By Michelle Xiong Published November 2, 2015

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One of the most controversial parts of the ACA is under fire for its high tax rates upon high-cost health insurance plans and its projected expansion to affect increasing percentages of employees whose employers provide health care. 2016 Presidential candidates are currently developing solutions on to tackle this issue as its implementation approaches in 2018.


Monopolized Healthcare: A Problem or a Solution

By Alexander Iglesias Published November 2, 2015

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In today's healthcare system, we are confronted with a pressing issue: Healthcare systems are incentivized to expand, which will lead to litigation. In the piece, I examine the issue, highlight Partners Healthcare and propose a solution where the healthcare industry would model the structure of a regulated monopoly .


United States vs. International Drug Pricing

By Clay Davis Published November 2, 2015

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Rising pharmaceutical costs in the United States are the result of unrestricted spending in a growing market. Pharmaceutical companies are mostly concerned with selling products at high costs. This would not happen in a single payer system, because price is carefully negotiated for each patient group. However, in the United States negotiation is impossible even in the large government run Medicare program. Here, a policy called external reference pricing should be considered. In this system, drug prices are based on the median of prices in other countries of comparable size.


Acquisition Over Discovery

By Alexander Gomez Published November 2, 2015

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In the last few weeks, the value of the Canadian pharmaceutical company Valeant has plummeted. The firm's connection to the special pharmacy Philidor Rx Services and general lack of disclosure has brought on immense public scrutiny and potential legal action. The results of these events should prove to make issues with the pharmaceutical sector more salient.


Is Your Mammogram Saving Your Life?

By Emma Sahn Published November 2, 2015

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In recent years, as scientific research and education about breast cancer has expanded and advanced, receiving mammograms regularly has become the norm in women. However, recent evidence has shown that such aggressive use of mammograms can often cause more harm than good. In response, the American Cancer Society has issued new regulations on the use of mammograms that promote a much less intrusive and active stance on breast cancer screening and treatment. Although the evidence in favor of these new regulations is very robust, it will likely be difficult to truly implement these new regulations and significantly decrease the use of mammograms


Skyrocketing Prescription Drug prices: The Search for a Solution

By Emma Sahn Published September 21, 2015

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High prescription drug prices have always been an issue in the U.S., and as of late, the topic has come to the forefront of political and economic discussions. After years of stable spending on prescription drugs, spending has recently skyrocketed: there has been a 12 percent increase in spending on prescription drugs in the past year. As a result, Americans with and without insurance are feeling the substantial costs of such price increases. With the presidential election coming up , a huge policy question will be how to address this powerful industry.


The Impact of the Shortage of Primary Care Physicians on the American Healthcare System

By Rebecca Shohet Published September 21, 2015

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The shortage of primary care physicians is an issue that can prove immensely detrimental to the near future of our American healthcare system. As our population now lives longer, the number of sick people in the U.S will grow at a faster rate than the matriculation of new doctors into the health system. The Affordable Care Act also puts a strain on primary care doctors as they now have more patients to see. Numerous policy recommendations such as increasing responsibilities for nurses to lift the burden off physicians and improving technologies can be implemented to help solve the primary care physician shortage.


Identity Crisis: Where Do Free Clinics Fit Into the Affordable Care Act?

By Angelica Cullo Published September 21, 2015

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Should free clinics accept patients that already have insurance? As enrollment through the Affordable Care Act continues to expand, and free clinic services continue to be in high demand, these clinics face tough decisions about how to deliver care.


The US's Role in Prescription Drug Pricing

By Alexander Gomez Published September 21, 2015

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Turing Pharmaceuticals recently increased the price of the drug Daraprim from $13.50 to $750 dollars a pill. The increase in the price of the drug, which is used to treat toxoplasmosis, has spurred outrage among the public. Citizens and elected officials alike are questioning the firm's actions, but without more robust public policy to prevent price spikes, patients are at the mercy of the market.


Healthcare's shift from Fee-For-Service payments to Accountable Care Organizations

By Matthew Hersman Published March 11, 2015

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Fee-for-service has long been known to be an ineffective and wasteful way to determine physicians' payments. As healthcare providers increasingly shift their payment models away from fee-for-service methods to Accountable Care Organizations, money will be saved as quality of care improves.


Your illness is what you eat: Can diet affect mood and depression?

By Angelica Cullo Published March 11, 2015

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It is generally accepted that nutrition influences our physical states, whether that's fitness, energy levels, or cardiovascular health, but is there evidence that it can affect our mental health?


Preparing for the Worst: King v. Burwell and its Dangerous Implications

By Maddie Cripps Published March 11, 2015

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The most recent challenge to the Affordable Care Act (ACA) - the King v. Burwell Supreme Court case - calls the legality of more than 6 million subsidized health insurance premiums into question. Now, with millions of Americans' health insurance at stake, government officials must overcome political biases and work to prevent the adverse effects the case may have.


1.1 Billion Adolescents Are At Risk For Permanent Hearing Loss

By Rebecca Shohet Published March 11, 2015

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With ever-increasing advancements in technology, especially nw technological sound devices, more individuals, especially young adults, are expected to lose their hearing. Multiple organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) are trying to spread awareness and help lower these projections through multiple initiatives, but is it their right to do so?Which other governmental groups or nonprofit organizations, if any, should be held responsible for these initiatives?


The Intersection of Business and Health: The Current State of the Meaningful Use Program

By Alexander Gomez Published March 11, 2015

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As revenue for installing new health record systems in accordance with the Meaningful Use program runs dry, electronic health record vendors are beginning to balance their loss by demanding new IT consulting contracts. Many of the contracts provide interoperability, a trait of health record systems necessary for the system to be successful. Physicians and medical practitioners are calling for sanctions on these companies, as they believe they are being caught between hefty consulting fees and strict government guidelines.


Obamacare: Where it Stands in 2015 and the Challenges that it Faces

By Alexander Gomez Published February 22, 2015

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After a successful year of increasing coverage, the Affordable Care Act is being challenged on the basis of the wording of a provision included in the act that allows federal subsidies to be given to those who purchase healthcare coverage through state exchanges. If successful, the lawsuit would remove subsidies to these people, dramatically reducing Obamacare participation.


Caveat Emptor: The Dangers of Dietary Supplements

By Philip Susser Published February 22, 2015

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With a lack of governmental oversight, the deregulated dietary supplement industry has recently been guilty of falsely advertising their products. This will raise concern about the integrity of their product and consumer safety.


NYS Hits 2 Million Enrollees on Health Exchange

By Annie Bui Published February 22, 2015

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Governor Andrew Cuomo announced earlier this month that New York State's online health insurance exchange hit 2 million enrollees, a move he deemed a "tremendous milestone." However, an annual tax on premiums purchased on and off the exchange have led some to wonder if this is counterproductive to the state's mission of making healthcare affordable for all.


College Counseling Dilemma

By Angelica Cullo Published February 22, 2015

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According to the American College Health Association (ACHA) the suicide rate among young adults, ages 15-24, has tripled since the 1950s. Digital communication now makes seeking treatment more convenient, allows individuals with disabilities or lack of transportation to more easily access care, and reduces the stigma associated with visiting a psychiatrist or counselor's office.


Debunking Myths about the IUD

By Anna Grosshans Published February 22, 2015

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For years, the IUD has gotten a bad rap. With the medical community recommending the IUD as one of the most effective forms of birth control, it's time to address and debunk some of these misleading myths.


The HPV Vaccine, Eight Years After its Approval by the FDA

By Annie Bui Published November 9, 2014

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Increasing the uptake of the HPV vaccine amongst young men and women in the United States poses a number of issues, including those of financial affordability and moral choices made by American parents on behalf of their children.


Closed Texas Abortion Clinics to Re-Open

By Ellie Politi Published November 9, 2014

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With the recent ruling in Texas that mandated all abortion clinics meet the same standards of surgical centers, thirteen abortion facilities were forced to shut down this month, preventing access to women across the state. While the Supreme Court has temporarily halted the law, there could be detrimental health implications if the law is implemented.


The Two-Midnight Rule Negatively Impacts Hospitals and Patients Alike

By Matthew Hersman Published November 9, 2014

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In 2013, the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services implemented a rule that required patients to spend two nights in a hospital in order to qualify for in-patient hospital rates. This rule has had a negative effect on patients and has had a costly impact on hospitals.


Access to Paid Leave

By Philip Susser Published November 9, 2014

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The recently proposed national paid leave program (FAMILY Act) has the potential to increase the accessibility to paid leave for parents needing to take care of family members. While opponents have scrutinized the bill for its possible unintended consequences, recent studies suggest such a policy would have little effect on business operations.


Can We Equate Truthful Nutrition Labels to a Healthier America?

By Adrian Jones Published November 9, 2014

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The F.D.A. plans to revise nutrition labels on food. Revisions would require manufacturers to provide labels that more closely match proportions of food consumed by the average American, and would require companies to explicitly differentiate between true natural components of food and "natural additives." The F.D.A. believes consumers will make more informed decisions about the food they eat, and therefore will reduce obesity rates overtime. Companies in the food industry oppose these new regulations because they believe that too much government intervention will negatively alter the food market industry.


Sexual Assault on Campus: New Rules from the Obama Administration

By Anna Grosshans Published November 9, 2014

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New policies from the Obama Administration will have universities deal with sexual assault on campus. The new rules include a broader definition of sexual assault, regulations for the disciplinary process, and guidelines for how to support survivors. The aim is to create a culture that is intolerant of sexual assault and violence against women.


3D Printing: A New Competitor in the Prosthetics Market?

By Charles Paton Published November 9, 2014

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3D printing is the process by which a three-dimensional digital model is transformed into a physical object through the repetitive layering of thin materials. Recently, innovators have started applying 3D printing to the prosthetic limbs market as a cost-effective alternative to their commercial counterparts. Barring rigorous FDA regulation, this provides a foundation for 3D printing in the artificial development of internal organs.


Strategies for Combatting Ebola

By Alexander Gomez Published November 9, 2014

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As the first cases of Ebola appear on United States soil, federal, state, and local governments struggle to create preventative action. The current quarantine initiative is being criticized by both human rights activists and the scientific community.


Is the United States Overreacting to Ebola?

By Allen Chen Published November 9, 2014

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What does it mean to be paranoid? The spread of a disease has never been easier than today. Ebola continues to travel from country to country despite our best efforts to curb it with chlorine and precautionary policy; however, are all these precautions warranted?


An End to Suffering: Who Makes the Final Call in End-of-Life Decisions?

By Frank Sun Published November 9, 2014

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29-year-old Brittany Maynard's decision to end her life at such a young age has made a significant impact on the American public. This controversial subject has tugged at the heartstrings of millions of people and has been discussed by policymakers all over the country. What implications does her decision have for the ongoing debate and what factors must be considered to thoroughly understand the issue of physician-assisted suicide?


Face time or FaceTime®?

By Angelica Cullo Published November 9, 2014

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Despite pleas from the family doctor, your brother refuses to seek help for his worsening major depression. He doesn't want to leave the house, he doesn't want to be seen going to the psychiatrist's office, and plus, his family doesn't have health insurance. What about speaking with the psychiatrist via teleconferencing? Advances in secure telecommunication technologies in conjunction with increased need for mental health services has prompted a recent push to improve access and viability of "Telepsychiatry" that could improve access for such patients.


Supreme Court Ruling Causes Reopening of a Dozen Abortion Clinics in Texas

By Emma Sahn Published November 9, 2014

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Ever since 1973, with the Roe v. Wade decision making abortion a legal right, abortion has become a highly debated and contentious topic time and time again. Texas has particularly been in the spotlight in recent years regarding the abortion debate, after passing a law in 2013 that essentially shut down almost all abortion clinics within the state. However, very recently, the Supreme Court ruled that this law was unconstitutional and as a result, almost a dozen abortion clinics have reopened. Although for many, this is a positive step in the right direction, there are still just as many fighting against the Supreme Court's decision, demonstrating that the fight is hardly over.


Sleep Deprivation, Its Consequences, and What Schools are Doing to Help

By Maddie Cripps Published November 9, 2014

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As evidence linking insufficient sleep in adolescents to serious physical and mental health conditions increases, schools are beginning to reconsider their early start times in an attempt to protect their students' health. However, schools face the difficult task of weighing students' potential health benefits against the costs faced by the rest of the community in deciding whether or not to start classes later in the day.


A Push for Long-Acting Contraception

By Anna Grosshans Published October 21, 2014

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Recent studies have shown that long-acting contraceptives are both safe and highly effective. Policy reforms incorporating these findings will better enable young women to achieve their educational and life goals.


Massachusetts General Hospital Develops New Capsule as an Alternative to Fecal Transplants

By Adrian Jones Published October 21, 2014

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Due to the extensive and costly process of a fecal transplant, patients have been in search for alternatives to the surgery. One alternative includes a do-it-yourself (DIY) transplantation method taught via Youtube videos. Researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital wanted to develop a cheaper alternative to the fecal transplant surgery and also a safer alternative to the DIY transplants. The frozen capsule alternative they developed was tested in a small study and proves to be just as effective as a fecal transplant. Further studies must be done on the fecal capsule, and the capsule is still awaiting FDA approval.


Sierra Leone 'Defeated' by Ebola

By Allen Chen Published October 21, 2014

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There seems to be no end in sight for the Ebola epidemic. As more and more people get infected, countries are beginning to have to implement new methods in order to combat the disease.


Preventing the Pandemic: Implications of Ebola in the U.S.

By Charles Paton Published October 21, 2014

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How is the United States preventing a widespread outbreak of Ebola within its borders?


Not So Sweet ('N Low)

By Angelica Cullo Published October 21, 2014

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You are given the choice; drink a coke with about 150 calories, or one with zero calories? That seems like a no-brainer. But health considerations are more complex than they may seem at face value. Epidemiological and medical research indicates that these zero-calorie additives could be influencing our consumption both psychologically and physiologically.


The 2014 Nobel Prize in Medicine and Its Implications in Alzheimer's Treatment

By Alexander Gomez Published October 21, 2014

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On October 6, 2014, the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine was awarded to John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser, and Edvard Moser. The prize was awarded for their research on "place cells" and "grid cells;" a set of cells in the hippocampus that contributes to memories relating to the positional system of the brain. Their findings can be used to detail the progression of Alzheimer's on the brain and are particularly relevant to future research for an Alzheimer's cure.


Huntington's Disease

By Matthew Hersman Published October 21, 2014

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Huntington's Disease (HD) is a debilitating hereditary disorder that leads to the progressive decline of one's physical and mental capabilities. Current legislation used to determine Medicare and Social Security Disability payments are outdated and in major need of reform in order to ensure that those with HD are able to get the treatment they need.


The Obesity Epidemic: Are Soda Taxes the Solution?

By Maddie Cripps Published October 21, 2014

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Soda taxes are highly controversial and widely opposed by the soft drink industry and citizens alike, but they may be our best bet in the fight against obesity.


Walmart Cuts Health Insurance Coverage for 30,000 Part-Time Workers

By Annie Bui Published October 21, 2014

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Following the actions of other large American corporations, the world's largest retailer, Walmart, announced October 7 that it would cut health insurance coverage for approximately 30,000 of its part-time workers. This change will affect around 2 percent of the company's U.S. workforce.


How the ACA will Create More Job Freedom

By Philip Susser Published October 21, 2014

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Job lock, a contentious issue within the current health care landscape, has been diminished with the advent of the Affordable Care Act. How this reduction will affect the labor market in future years is still a source of debate.


Screening Travelers During the Ebola Outbreak

By Ellie Politi Published October 21, 2014

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The recent Ebola outbreak has resulted in over 3,000 casualties in West Africa and has forced the United States to spring to action regarding its screening process policies on U.S. soil. While some ardently support any means to prevent invasion of the Ebola virus, others recognize the limitations of the proposed screening process, pointing out the flaws in the test.


Paying not just for your meal, but also for your waiter's health insurance

By Sofia Hu Published October 21, 2014

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In a growing trend, restaurants are adding a 3% tax to pay for their employees' medical insurance. For an industry where workers are often paid low wages and overlooked, this is an effective step to addressing their health needs.


A Changing Labor Market for Healthcare Workers

By Philip Susser Published April 25, 2014

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How will the Affordable Care Act impact who performs healthcare labor? \r\n\r\n


New Ex Vivo Research Has a Potential for Solutions in Sexually Transmitted Diseases

By Jennifer Zahn Published April 25, 2014

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The University of Texas Medical Branch has been conducting studies about ex vivo growth of vaginal cells and their relationship with 'good' and 'bad' bacteria. The understanding of the relationship between bacterial colonies and the cells has shown positive results to a lead in prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, yet further analysis is still occurring in order to confirm these successes.


Increased Life, Increased Costs: The Policy Implications of an Aging Demographic with HIV

By Frank Sun Published April 25, 2014

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HIV treatments have lengthened the lives of many patients, but as life expectancy increases so do the cases of chronic medical problems associated with old-age. What are the new challenges this presents to policy makers, patients, and healthcare providers?


Deceptive Marketing by E-Cigarette Companies

By Layla Hood Published April 25, 2014

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Many young people, including high school students, are unaware that they may be smoking e-cigarettes that can sometimes contain the addictive ingredient, nicotine. \r\n\r\n


Why The Government Should Be Embracing, Not Rejecting, Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

By Matthew Hersman Published April 25, 2014

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Medicare is barred from using comparative effectiveness studies run by the Patient Center Outcomes Research Institute in determining how much to pay for specific treatments. Rather than rejecting these studies in fear of "rationing," the government should instead use this information to shift the extra financial burden from the government to the patients for expensive treatments that show little added benefit.


Why Doesn't the FDA Do More?

By Brendan Denvir Published April 25, 2014

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We can only speculate as to what is behind the FDA's consistent inability to take action.


The FDA, Pharmaceuticals, and ADHD

By Anna Grosshans Published April 25, 2014

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Since 1990, the number of children being treated for ADHD has jumped from 600,000 to over 3.5 million. These powerful drugs have serious side effects for the children that take them, but major pharmaceutical corporations continue to push their products. \r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n


Hobby Lobby and Contraception: Is it the Boss's Business?

By Angelica Cullo Published April 25, 2014

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Hobby Lobby President Steve Green says the arts and crafts company should not have to provide its 13,000 employees with coverage for Intra-Uterine Devices (IUDs) and morning-after pills under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Should a for-profit company have a say in how its employees choose to use their healthcare benefits? \r\n\r\n


One New Friend Request: My Doctor

By Jennifer Zahn Published April 6, 2014

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Social media use has increased rapidly and will continue to increase in the future. How will this impact the doctor-patient relationship?


Nutrition Awareness in America

By Brendan Denvir Published April 6, 2014

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There is no doubt that as nutrition science evolves, the public must be kept up to date with current, relevant nutrition facts. However, overly complicated nutrition advice could be causing our rising obesity rates and as nutrition science progresses this problem will only get worse.


Miracle Compounds: Ethical Issues in the Drug Approval Process

By Frank Sun Published April 6, 2014

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Clinical trials in the FDA drug approval process has misled patients, for the sake of scientific precision, into believing they will be the next ones to try the new "wonder" compound. Can this be justified by the lives saved in the long run? \r\n\r\n


Weighty Issues: Equity for Eating Disorder Treatment?

By Angelica Cullo Published April 6, 2014

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While some claim eating disorders shouldn't receive the same medical attention as more tangible physical illnesses, eating disorder mortality rates are too high to be ignored. How can insurance and healthcare policy be modified to improve eating disorder treatment efficiency and outcomes?


The Latest on Obamacare

By Matthew Hersman Published April 6, 2014

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With the first ever enrollment period of the Affordable Care Act finally coming to a close, everyone is watching and wondering how the shaky rollout will affect the future of Obamacare. While it is becoming increasingly apparent that enough people signed up on the Marketplace to sustain the Affordable Care Act, the less-than-expected number of enrollees is likely to come at a cost in the future.


Is a Legal Market for Organ Transplants in Our Future?

By Layla Hood Published April 6, 2014

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A recent push by renowned academics has again sparked the debate surrounding the commercialization of organ donations.


"Courting Anarchy": The Battle over Contraceptive Coverage

By Anna Grosshans Published April 6, 2014

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By Anna Grosshans, 04/06/2014 The birth control requirement of the Affordable Care Act has been generating a lot of controversy, but in 2014, birth control is not, in fact, controversial.


Perceptions of Healthcare in the United States

By Philip Susser Published April 6, 2014

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By Philip Susser, 04/06/2014 The aging American population is putting significant pressure on the effectiveness and affordability of healthcare in the United States. Confronting these problems requires a change in the perception of what healthcare really means.


As Weather Gets Colder, Health Risks in Ithaca Ignite

By Kaylin Greene Published November 8, 2013

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The City of Ithaca prides itself on being a unique place where residents can engage liberally in their chosen lifestyles and philosophies without fear of government repercussion. It is a place of acceptance and environmental awareness. However, smoke pollution from domestic woodburning damages the quality of life for many residents. Given that the city signed a resolution for the Clean Air Act in November, 2012, it would be in their best interest to live up to their promise.


Hospital Readmission Rates, Nurses, and Surgical Care

By Philip Susser Published November 8, 2013

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As previously uninsured individuals look to sign up for an insurance plan for the first time through recently erected online health insurance exchanges, hospitals and other health care providers will undoubtedly be met with an influx of new patients. New programs will require hospitals to provide better quality care for more patients, and how hospitals deal with this issue is essential to the efficacy of the healthcare system.


Moving Beyond Cultural Competency

By Emmy Shearer Published November 8, 2013

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Recent attempts by the medical establishment to address cultural issues in health have consisted of teaching and learning skills of "cultural competency." However, this approach does patients injustice as it over-generalizes culture and dismisses the clinician's own cultural biases as irrelevant. A more beneficial approach is outlined.


Educating Future Healthcare Officials: The Masters in Health Administration

By John Lemp Published November 8, 2013

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With the growth of the healthcare industry in the United States, there has been a significant increase in the demand for healthcare officials. The Masters in Health Administration is a professional degree that prepares our nation's future healthcare leaders to better serve the needs of the American people.


ACA supports Community Health Workers

By Elaine Jaworski Published November 8, 2013

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Community Health Workers have been an integral part of health systems around the world for years. It is time the United States takes advantage of their power to fight obesity-related illnesses.


What Motivates Doctors?

By Perry Davidoff Published November 8, 2013

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While doctors are viewed as embodiments of qualities American citizens admire, the current incentives driving the health care system don't guide medical behavior properly. Inefficiency and risk of malpractice force doctors to provide "defensive medicine," rather than what is best for the patients. While alternatives are in the pipeline, their efficacy is unproven.


Medicaid Expansion Under the ACA

By Philip Susser Published September 30, 2013

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Before the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was signed into law, Medicaid - a joint federal-state program - gave freedom to states in determining eligibility requirements. After a 2012 Supreme Court ruling that gave the option to states in expanding Medicaid to individuals at or below 133% of the poverty line, 26 states have opted into the program, thirteen have opted out, and 11 remain undecided. A major deciding factor for states in their decision to adopt the program's expansion is financial viability as well as ultimate health outcomes.


Transforming Nutrition Labels

By Max Segal Published September 30, 2013

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As nutrition science continues to advance and uncover the keys to selecting a proper diet, a plethora of health related data and information have become available to American consumers. If people want to become healthier and reduce their risk of potentially fatal ailments, then they need a way to easily decipher this information, such as labels that work by assigning scores in nutrition, naturalness, and welfare.


Alphabet Soup: The AFL-CIO and the ACA

By John Lemp Published September 30, 2013

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The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) passed in March 2010 with the support of the Democratic Party, interest groups, progressive think tanks and coalitions, and the organized labor movement. Now, skepticism and cynicism prompted members of the AFL-CIO to demand changes to Obamacare, labeling several of the act's provisions as "highly disruptive" to union healthcare plans.


A Win for Women's Reproductive Rights

By Elaine Jaworski Published September 30, 2013

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Gaining access to contraception is a battle women have been fighting for years. The 1950's and 1960's was the age of the pill with Margaret Sanger at the forefront of the American women's movement. Now, our attention is on the morning after pill. Political motivations have kept the drug restricted and hence kept women from accessing\r\nit in the inherently short time frame when it is effective. There is no incentive for young teens to abuse Plan-B, unlike the other drugs that have some how slipped through the politicians agendas like cough syrup and diet pills.


Pedestrian Safety on Campus Should be Prioritized

By Kaylin Greene Published September 30, 2013

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Students at Cornell are at risk for traffic accidents, especially in congested areas, and during peak traffic time between classes. According to an article published by United Press International, Cornell experienced 37 personal-injury\r\naccidents involving motorists, pedestrians, and cyclists in 2012. CUPD and students should consider other alternatives to improving student traffic safety on campus.


A Significant Attack on Party Polarization

By Perry Davidoff Published September 30, 2013

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Fox News recently ran a piece titled, "The Great Food Stamp Binge". In it, Jason Greenslate, a surfer-dude from California, uses his $200 a month to buy luxury items like sushi and lobster while spending free time surfing on the coast. While doubt about the credibility of the source and the story itself exists, conservatives have used the firestorm the piece has instigated to investigate the program.


The Future of the Uninsured

By Ossy Onumonu Published September 30, 2013

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There were 48 million Americans without health insurance in 2012. This number may seem high, but it represents a slight improvement upon prior years. Americans who do not have access to employer-sponsored insurance will be able to enroll in state-based exchanges beginning on October 1st of this year, assuming the ACA is fully implemented.


Variation in Medicare Expenditures Across States

By Philip Susser Published May 1, 2013

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Large geographical variation in Medicare reimbursements per enrollee exists within the United States. Although, when accounting for acceptable variation such the overall health of a population, these differences are not as dramatic. A geographically based index that would penalize certain inefficient regions with histories of high spending is inefficient; the main problem being that variation exists within regions. A more individualized approach must be taken.


Exempting mHealth from the Medical Device Tax

By Dylan Cicero Published May 1, 2013

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Mobile healthcare, or mHealth, describes the infrastructure of smartphone apps and smartphone-enabled devices that offer easy access to healthcare solutions. Last week, the Congressional Committee on Energy and Commerce deliberated whether smartphone-enabled devices would be subject to the 2.3% medical device tax outlined in PPACA. mHealth should not be taxed in order to promote technological growth and progress.


Don't Fear the Reaper: The Benefits of Assisted Suicide

By Trevor Ward Published May 1, 2013

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1906, a year most remembered for the San Francisco earthquake, also notes the first time in which assisted suicide entered the national spotlight. In light of the many fears of rapidly increasing health care costs and finding a sustainable structure to support an aging U.S. population, returning to the 1906 viewpoint of the collective welfare of assisted suicide provides an economic argument in which these growing costs of care and fears of an uncontrollable dependency ratio may be abated.


What PCORI Will Offer for Healthcare

By Elaine Jaworski Published May 1, 2013

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The Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), formed under the ACA, named its first 25 awards for comparative effectiveness research this past December. It looks like this institute will add valuable information to our healthcare field in the future.


What To Do with Frequent Flyers?

By Emmy Shearer Published May 1, 2013

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Two summers ago, I volunteered with an EMS-fire agency in Berkeley, California as part of my EMT certification process. Non-emergency callers, or Frequent Flyers, pose problems for both healthcare providers and consumers. Transportation discretion along with MedControl laws could help to quell the Frequent Flyer issue.


Possibility of Personalized Treatment Regimes for Cancer Patients

By Layla Hood Published May 1, 2013

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Genomic sequencing readily identifies the location of cancer-causing mutations in the human genome. As sequencing technology advances and the price continues to fall, doctors may be able to prescribe more effective courses of treatment for cancer patients.


SNAP's Contribution to Obesity

By Ossy Onumonu Published May 1, 2013

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Given current rising healthcare costs and the obesity epidemic, American policymakers are searching for solutions to combat these two phenomena. Many are looking to the government-funded Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) as a means to tackle these pressing issues.


Insuring Healthcare Professionals

By John Lemp Published May 1, 2013

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The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act neglected to reform a crucial aspect of the healthcare industry--medical malpractice litigation. An increase in the popularity and effectiveness of allied healthcare and medical malpractice professional liability insurance coverage creates a private sector solution to this problem, while maintaining the integrity of the healthcare industry and the medical profession.


Cyberphobia: Is the Internet a Healthcare Tool or a Healthcare Hindrance?

By Kaylin Greene Published May 1, 2013

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Medical information is becoming readily available online. Some say that online medical forums and web searches are good resources for medical professionals and patient education. In order to avoid issues pertaining to information misuse and misdiagnosis, people should not rely on the internet as anything more than a basic tool for general information.