Roosevelt Institute | Cornell University

Center for Foreign Policy

The Giant in the East Paves a New Green Future - China's Rise as the New Leader in Renewable Energy

By Eric Lee Published November 19, 2018

Forbidden City, Beijing, PRC

With America's de facto abdication from global leadership in the transition away from fossil fuels, China takes the mantle as the new leader in renewable energy production.


Despite International Outrage, Saudi Arabia Will be Just Fine

By Kevin Zong Published November 15, 2018

Mohammad bin Salman watches on at the "Davos in the Desert" conference amid swirling allegations of his involvement in the murder of report Jamal Khashoggi.

The premeditated killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi has dominated international news cycles for weeks, putting Saudi Arabia under the microscope for its cover-up of the killing, its brutal war campaign in Yemen, and the Crown Prince’s power grab. Yet, despite the overwhelming pressure and negative attention the nation currently faces, it is unlikely that Riyadh will experience many long-term impactful consequences.


Neither Friend nor Foe: Why America must recognize that Pakistan is just a state protecting its interests

By Hassaan Bin Sabir  Published May 6, 2018

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In recent years, the U.S. and Pakistan have shared an increasingly troubled relationship, with Washington urging Islamabad to "do more" in the war against terrorism. This post argues that such policy is counterproductive to U.S. interests for peace and stability in the region, which cannot be achieved without significant assistance from Pakistan.


Trump is Learning that He Needs the International Community. But is it Too Little Too Late?

By Kevin Zong Published May 6, 2018

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As President Trump sits on the brink of an all-out trade war with China, he has quickly realized that facing the behemoth that is the Chinese economy alone is foolish, leading him to attempt to rejoin the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Understandably, resentment and doubt may prevent a happy reunion, but the greater question remains at stake: Has President Trump's isolationist rhetoric and rash action cost the United States its ability to find success on a global stage? At this point, it's likely the disarray in the White House has doomed the U.S. to fend for itself for the foreseeable future.


Are Sanctions Effective?

By Aneil Gill Published May 6, 2018

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Though sanctions have produced unintended detrimental consequences in the past, prudent use remains a critical foreign policy tool. Carefully crafted sanctions represent a preferable alternative to war and isolationism. This article examines the history of sanctions and highlights effective examples.


Asia's Rise Should Be Our Sputnik Moment

By Eric Lee Published May 6, 2018

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As the Asia-Pacific region becomes the world's next geopolitical and economic center, America must shift its foreign policy focus accordingly and offer strong leadership to its allies in the region. It must also forge new agreements and strive for more engagement and integration through shrewd diplomacy while making necessary investments in its workforce and capabilities at home.


Interest and Independence: A Look into Contemporary Independence Movements

By Aneil Gill Published November 2, 2017

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Written by Aneil Gill, 11/02/2017 Recent movements for independence in Catalonia and Kurdistan, although unique in background and geopolitical context, are both subject to the wide-reaching influence of world politics. This article compares the history and events surrounding the Catalonian and Kurdish referendums and utilizes international relations theory to explain the international response to each movement


The Time Has Come to De-Escalate Conflict With Tehran

By Jack Carlos Mindich Published November 2, 2017

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Written by Jack Carlos Mindich, 11/02/2017 Critics of the Iran Deal argue it will do little to reduce the danger Tehran poses to American interests in the Middle East. However, the current moderate Rouhani regime is the best chance the US has to negotiate with Iran. Rejection of compromise could usher in a less conciliatory government and further threaten Middle Eastern stability further thus the US should continue to recognize the nuclear treaty and work with Rouhani.


Willful Ignorance and the Dark Side of Empathy in the Mogadishu Terror Attacks

By Lydia Zheng Published November 2, 2017

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Written by Lydia Zheng, 11/02/17 In the wake of the deadliest terrorist attack in Somalia's history, the people of Mogadishu are desperately trying to recover"”while the West turns a blind eye.


The Problem with Dual Citizenship

By Andres Loretdemola Published November 2, 2017

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Written by Andres Loretdemola, 11/02/2017 The concept of dual citizenship is antiquated. It creates myriad problems for governments around the world, such as making tax evasion easier, complicating bilateral relations, threatening to destabilize governments, and has even led to the wrongful imprisonment of American citizens. It's time to reconsider its usefulness.


Kurdish Independence: Should the U.S. Support It?

By Ahmed El Sammak Published November 2, 2017

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Written by Ahmed El Sammak, 11/02/2017 The issue of Kurdish Independence has been in contention for decades. On both sides of the political spectrum there are advocates for and against the U.S. supporting the Kurds in their struggles. Many factors come into play, but ultimately, the harms significantly outweigh the benefits and it only further destabilizes the region, bringing no positive impacts.


Criminalizing Catcalling

By Evan Johnson Published November 2, 2017

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Written by Evan Johnson, 11/02/2017 The response of Frenchwomen to Sandra Muller's exposure of the sexual harassment she received by a powerful french executive with the #BalanceTonPorc movement, akin to the Harvey Weinstein exposure and the United States's #MeToo movement, has led to the possible criminalization of verbal sexual harassment as well as increased punishment for other actions of sexual assault. This comes at a time where there has been a global shift leading to more vocalization about the transgressions of powerful men and a pushback against it.


Foreign Diplomacy and the Semantics of Nuclear War in Digital Communication

By Lydia Zheng Published November 2, 2017

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Written by Lydia Zheng, 11/02/2017 The globalization of technology has undoubtedly brought a host of benefits to the world at large. In the era of digital communication, it also makes it easier than ever for foreign leaders and dignitaries to communicate; for the Trump presidency, this may only complicate the international relations of the United States.


Why the United States Should Not Be Fighting Saudi Arabia's Proxy War in Yemen and Beyond

By Olivia Quill Published March 24, 2017

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Written by Olivia Quill, 3/24/17 The United States assistance in Saudi Arabia's proxy wars throughout the Middle East and Africa could set a dangerous precedent of involvement. United States involvement will only further escalate and extend the conflict that is causing a humanitarian crisis in Yemen.


The Sino-Pakistani Alliance: India's Eternal Foreign Policy Nightmare

By Aditya Bhardwaj Published March 24, 2017

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Written by Aditya Bhardwaj, 3/24/17 Despite strong economic growth and increasing influence in the UN, India's lack of military progress, combined with its neighborhood rivalries, may soon cause its global aspirations to be offset by its regional vulnerability


The US vs. the UN: Reconsidering America's Human Rights Record in the Modern Era

By Lydia Zheng Published March 24, 2017

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Written by Lydia Zheng, 3/24/17 As Trump's threats to leave the UN Human Rights Council grow more plausible with each passing day, they have drawn criticism from those who believe that a withdrawal from the body would mean ceding American influence over international dialogue about the nature of human rights. These concerns, posed mainly by those who see the United States the standard-bearer on human rights, evoke larger questions: what are the implications of withdrawing from the Human Rights Council, and is the US really moral in its foreign policy?


"You're Not Getting Any Younger": Impacts of Europe's Population Decline

By Xavier Salvador Published March 24, 2017

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Written by Xavier Salvador, 3/24/17 Western Europe is in demographic disorder. Two groups define the region's population shifts: Elderly and Refugees. Increased migration from the Middle-East and North Africa may offer a short-term impact on the region's age structure and fertility potential, however, national governments need to be concerned about long-term population decline.


The Rise Of Populism in the Western World

By Nikhil Dhingra Published March 24, 2017

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Written by Nikhil Dhingra, 3/24/17 With the unprecedented U.K. vote to leave the European Union and the changing political tides which led to the election of Donald Trump in the United States, the Western World anxiously awaits the next cycle of European elections that will determine whether or not nationalism and anti-immigrant sentiments are the new global "trend." If so, can anything be done to stop this political uprising?


Huntsman as the next Russian Ambassador: Confusing, Shocking, and Altogether Terrifying

By David Wang Published March 24, 2017

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Written by David Wang, 3/24/17 One of Donald Trump's relatively unassuming political decisions could spell trouble down the line. With Trump's appointment of Jon Huntsman Jr, the former government of Utah, to the Russian Ambassadorship, Russian-US relations could be in for some trouble for the next two years.


Hamas's New Leader and the Need for Cautious US Foreign Policy

By Mohamed Eltagouri Published February 27, 2017

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Written by Mohamed Eltagouri, 2/27/17 The Palestinian majority party and terrorist organization, Hamas, elected Yahya Sinwar as their new political leader-- leaving many wary as conflicting opinions have arisen over what his election means for the future of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.


Why Vulgarity in Politics Matter

By Abigail Chen Published February 27, 2017

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Written by Abigail Chen, 2/27/17 From Duterte, Hun Sen, to President Trump, different political leaders' use of vulgarity are creating dangerous situations. The danger of political vulgarity lies in normalizing the expression of vulgar bigotries and reinforcing the culture of impunity. Moreover, its impact on international diplomacy is increasingly salient. How can the world respond to the resurgence of vulgar politics? My article explores the avenues.


India H1-B Visas Under Trump

By Nikhil Dhingra Published February 27, 2017

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Written by Nikhil Dhingra, 2/27/17 Ever since the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20th, the global atmosphere has been tense about what a Trump administration might mean for business, trade, and international relations as a whole. With Trump touting his nationalistic policy of "America First" throughout the campaign trail, promising to bring jobs back to the United States and increase the scrutiny placed on skilled workers entering the country, many American businesses have become increasingly nervous about the future of their relationships.


A Trump-Modi Alliance: Trouble Ahead for China

By Aditya Bhardwaj Published February 27, 2017

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Written by Aditya Bhardwaj, 2/27/17 Donald Trump's election as the 45th US President seems likely to further consolidate a burgeoning economic and defense-based partnership between the US and India.


Keep an Eye on the Kids: Why Youth Bulges Remain a Concern for the Developing World

By Xavier Salvador Published February 27, 2017

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Written by Xavier Salvador, 2/27/17 Development seems to be working- a larger percentage of impoverished children are educated and are more likely to survive into their adult years. Thus, people moving through domestic education systems stay optimistic towards a middle-class lifestyle safeguarded by a well-paying job. But what if these dreams are unobtainable? Not because of an individual's lack of drive, but sheer carrying capacity of jobs in the face of growing populations?


Three Reasons Why Transparency for Foreign Policy in the Oval Office is More Essential Than Ever

By Lydia Zheng Published February 27, 2017

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Written by Lydia Zheng, 2/27/17 In the wake of Michael Flynn's resignation as national security adviser, Democrats and Republicans alike are regarding the new administration's foreign policy decisions with apprehension. And yet, in a recent press conference, President Trump affirmed that he had no duty to the public or the media to speak of his resolutions concerning international affairs. Here are three reasons he's wrong"”and why it matters.


Six Considerations Concerning the Battle for Mosul

By Christopher Cho Published September 22, 2016

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Written by Christopher Cho, 9/22/2016 The battle for Mosul represents the single most important offensive against the Islamic State to date. Here are six strategic considerations that define and complicate the ongoing fight to liberate the city.


Pointing Fingers in South Sudan

By Shivani Parikh Published September 22, 2016

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The human rights violations in South Sudan are widespread and severe. The world deplores the loss of life and the terrible treatment of the people of South Sudan, but there is still so much more to be done to alleviate the pain and suffering of its civilians and their children.


A War on Two Fronts: Saudi Arabia's International Oil Dilemma

By Jackson Cherner Published September 22, 2016

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Written by Jackson Cherner, 9/22/2016 No longer in a secure seat of power over the international oil markets, Saudi Arabia faces a "sink or swim" crisis over their influence on OPEC and its competitors. Facing threats from internal developments and its overseas partners, the Saudi government must restructure their trade agreements and energy security to ensure they remain locked in the pecking order.


The Failure of UN Peacekeepers Today is Structural

By Sabrina Rivers Published September 22, 2016

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Written by Sabrina Rivers, 9/22/2016 The United Nations' Peacekeeping force (Blue Helmets) needs a public relations overhaul and better conflict education. The UN itself needs fantastically large scissors to cut through its own self-imposed astronomical units of red tape.


The New Marshall Plan: The Challenge of Chinese Leadership

By Christopher Cho Published September 22, 2016

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Written by Christopher Cho, 9/22/2016 Chinese President Xi Jinping's One Belt, One Road (OBOR) trade initiative is set to surpass the Marshall Plan as the largest-ever program of economic diplomacy. OBOR's thinly-veiled geopolitical aims attempt to challenge the American-led order in Asia, and thus deserves a vigorous response from Washington.


Three Ways the Dakota Pipeline is an International Human Rights Crisis

By Christopher Hanna Published September 22, 2016

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Written by Christopher Hanna, 9/22/2016 Since last April, members of various Native American tribes have partially occupied the site of the proposed Dakota Access Pipeline. According to the protestors, the multi-million dollar oil pipeline will desecrate indigenous cultural sites and imperil indispensable sources of clean water. Here's how this issue is of vital importance not just to the affected tribes, but to the international community at large.


How to Avoid Nuclear War: Making the Case to North Korea's Big Brother

By Chris Hamlin Published March 31, 2016

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Written by Chris Hamlin, 3/31/2016 After years of an ineffective U.S. embargo to compel North Korean denuclearization, the most recent nuclear test suggests, it is finally time for a change in policy. Despite Chinese leadership's historical reluctance to financially isolate its long-time ally, provided the right incentives, it may be willing to change course. The United States must therefore put aside its ego and make the sacrifices necessary to acquire Beijing's support.


The Dark Spectre of German Remilitarization

By Christopher Hanna Published March 31, 2016

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Written by Chris Hanna, 3/31/2016 The reemergence of German military power poses deep threats to German democracy and world peace. Will Germany join ranks the of imperialist agitators who beat the drums for war on the international stage while crushing popular dissent at home?


Petroleum and Impeachment: Brazil's Political Turmoil, Explained

By Christopher Cho Published March 31, 2016

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Written by Christopher Cho, 3/31/2016 Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff is engaged in a fight for political survival as revelations of a massive corruption scandal inspire renewed calls for her impeachment. As the country's ailing economy slides into severe recession, an ongoing anti-corruption investigation continues to ensnare the political establishment's top brass. The understandably impassioned civilian and institutional response, however, may be a sign of democratic progress.


The Death of Indian Democracy

By Dhruv Kumar Published March 31, 2016

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Written by Dhruv Kumar, 3/31/2016 By filing criminal charges against student protesters and opposition leaders, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has made a significant mistake. Now it is up to the Indian people to respond.


Post materialist Inequality: Two Major Ways to Reduce International Income Inequality

By Jackson Cherner Published March 31, 2016

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Capitalism and globalization are stifling aspiring, middle-class people while the elite capitalize on its monopoly on financial growth. The growing gap between the upper and lower classes is pushed in polarizing directions, as the poorer parts of society delve deeper under the poverty line. Compounded with changing values and polarizing politics, the lower classes require solutions on welfare systems in order to save their financial decline.


Enough is Enough: 5 Reasons Why FGM Needs to End

By Shivani Parikh Published March 31, 2016

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Written by Shivani Parikh, 3/31/2016 Female Genital Mutilation, or FGM, is defined by the United Nations to be all procedures that involve the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. Cultural practices cannot be used as reasons for putting girls and women in life-threatening situations; however, FGM can only be addressed if it is handled in a sensitive and understanding way.


Ukraine: Returning to a Russian Agenda Near You!

By Sabrina Rivers Published March 31, 2016

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Written by Sabrina Rivers, 3/31/2016 Russia's visible de-escalation in the War in the Donbass is a waiting game; Putin is biding his time and planning to re-escalate.


Anakara's Plummeting Relationships

By Pulkit Kashyap Published March 31, 2016

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Written by Pulkit Kashyap, 3/31/2016 With the recent car bombing in Ankara, it becomes crucial for Turkey to the current state of its international relations since the war in Syria began. Regaining former stability must be prioritized--if the Turkish government does nothing, it risks falling into an all too familiar and destructive cycle.


India's Free Speech Apocalypse

By Tanisha Mohapatra Published March 31, 2016

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Written by Tanisha Mohapatra, 3/31/2016 India has long been embroiled in tensions over rights of free speech. Although the country is a democracy in structure and promotes the protection of these rights, the government's arrest of Kanhaiya Kumar and crackdown on student activism has only highlighted the nation's need to practice its preachings.


Sunset for the Sunshine Policy

By Christopher Cho Published February 29, 2016

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Written by Christopher Cho, 2/29/2016 While experts eye Pyongyang's claims to a hydrogen bomb skeptically, its latest nuclear detonation showcases, histrionically, the glaring flaws of Seoul's political calculus. For over a decade, South Korea's rapprochement-oriented Sunshine Policy did little more than subsidize the North's growing belligerence. Now, South Korean President Park Geun-hye must recalibrate her country's foreign policies to reflect the harrowing realities of Pyongyang's nuclear-tipped threats.


How the East is Won: Navigating the Turbulent Waters of the South China Sea Disputes

By Chris Hamlin Published February 29, 2016

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Written by Chris Hamlin, 2/29/2016 After years of legal ambiguity surrounding the territorial disputes in the South China Sea, The Hague is set to rule on the legitimacy of China's claims. It is essential to apply international law to the disputes to prevent greater military escalation. Yet, with Asia Pacific nations divided between Beijing and Washington, it will be difficult for the U.S. to gain the regional support it needs to enforce the imminent decision.


Nine Reasons Why the TAPI Pipeline is the Perfect Remedy for South Asia

By Dhruv Kumar Published February 29, 2016

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Written by Dhruv Kumar, 2/29/2016 In the face of violence in the region, the TAPI natural gas pipeline traveling from Turkmenistan to India could be a significant step forward for the economic, military, and political stability of South Asia, paving the way for a positive future.


The Five Great Perils of Brexit

By Christopher Hanna Published February 29, 2016

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Written by Christopher Hanna, 2/29/2016 United Kingdom (U.K.) Prime Minister David Cameron has announced June 23rd as the date of an in-out popular referendum on the U.K.'s European Union (E.U.) membership. A vote in favor of British withdrawal from the E.U., sometimes referred to as "Brexit," would have enormously treacherous implications for the future of Europe and the U.K.'s four constituent countries.


Who Wants a Free College Education? Go to Germany

By Andrew Strauss Published February 29, 2016

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Written by Andrew Strauss, 2/29/2016 More American students are opting to study in international universities, especially Germany, instead of American schools. Why are they choosing to leave, and what problems are resulting from this?


Catalonia Can't Have Its Cake and Eat It, Too

By Julie Gokhman Published November 8, 2015

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Written by Julie Gokhman, 11/08/2015 Catalonian officials are calling for independence from Spain while still maintaining European Union membership. The autonomous region may be a big fish in a small pond right now, but secession is not a feasible solution for their complaints.


Six Ways to Prevent a Third Intifada

By Christopher Hanna Published November 5, 2015

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If drastic measures to curb violence and dismantle the occupation apparatus aren't taken, Israel-Palestine will surely be engulfed by a fresh intifada, or uprising. Here's how regional authorities can work together to defuse the violence that has gripped the Holy Land this fall.


Beneath the Handshake: Iran's Actual Thoughts on the Nuclear Deal

By Andrew Strauss Published November 5, 2015

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Written by Andrew Strauss 11/05/2015 The Iran Nuclear Deal is set to go into effect this year. Liberals, conservatives, and policy experts have all expressed their views about the deal. But what are Iran's opinions on this agreement and how do they expect the Western countries to behave?


U.S.- Cuba Relations: Are We Really Changing Old Ways?

By Alex Gugliuzza Published November 5, 2015

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Written by Alex Gugliuzza, 11/05/2015 In light of the U.N. General Assembly voting to condemn the U.S. trade embargo on Cuba, positive relations between the two countries seem to be taking steps backward. Despite President Obama's urge to Congress to lift the embargo and near unanimous U.N. approval of this measure, American officials nonetheless voted against the U.N. resolution.


A Deathly Divide

By Dhruv Kumar Published November 5, 2015

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Written by Dhruv Kumar 11/05/2015 Recent events indicate a widening divide between the government and the military in Pakistan. This could lead to disastrous consequences for Indo-Pak relations, as well as for the United States' interests in South Asia.


The Tumultuous Politics of the U.S.'s Alliance with Turkey

By Jennifer Kim Published November 5, 2015

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Written by Jennifer Kim, 11/05/2015 The border between Turkey and Syria is a vital crossing location for foreign fighters seeking to join IS as well as an ideal location for the U.S. to conduct military operations. However, despite the alliance, Turkey has also very recently admitted to attacking another vital ally of the U.S. - the Kurds. The U.S. is now caught in the midst of a long-standing regional conflict in its attempts to ally itself with every group in the region that can help it fight IS-- and such a tenuous position may eventually shake the solidity of the U.S.'s stance in the region.


How to Un-Unite the United Nations: A Slap to Eleanor Roosevelt's Face

By Julie Gokhman Published October 2, 2015

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By Julie Gokhman, 10/02/15 The recent appointment of Faisal Bin Hassan Trad, the Saudi Arabian ambassador to the UN, to chair a panel of experts that heads the United Nations Human Rights Council, places the legitimacy of the organization itself in serious question. With this issue of the institution's authority, both states and global citizens must ask: what are the consequences of this fall from grace, does it really matter, and if it does, what can be done about it?


Shame on US

By Yu Chen Xue Published October 2, 2015

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The refugee crisis in Europe is an international problem. As the world's leading power, the United States has a responsibility to lead the world in resolving this problem, but its commitments remain tentative and modest.


An Exodus with no Destination

By Marc Getzoff Published October 2, 2015

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The improvised responses by European leaders towards the Syrian refugee crisis has revealed the inability and nativity the European governments hold towards humanitarian crises.


Burkina Faso Ends Coup on Peaceful Terms

By Jennifer Kim Published October 2, 2015

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Since the coup of 2014, Burkina Faso has been looking forward to a new democratic election in October. However, a recent coup by the disposed ex-president's personal guard threw the nation into a crisis for several days, with people protesting in the streets and troops converging on the coup's leaders. While the crisis was ultimately resolved with coup leaders backing down through a compromise and the new election set for November, the future of peace in Burkina Faso is still far from clear.


Crisis & Reconciliation in Northern Ireland

By Christopher Hanna Published October 2, 2015

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A brutal slaying and a sectarian political crisis have made it clear that Northern Ireland must recommit itself to a bold human rights agenda.


An End to Impunity in Sri Lanka?

By Gail Fletcher Published October 2, 2015

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Although the Civil War in Sri Lanka ended in 2009, the conflict amongst its people is far from over. A resolution released by the United Nations Human Rights Council set in motion a process that could rehabilitate the country that has suffered from impunity for so long. Depending on the path it takes, Sri Lanka will either achieve or be further torn apart.


Redefining Development

By Christopher Hanna Published March 13, 2015

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For decades, the practice of international development has been subject to politicization by the American government. It is high time that the values of humanity, neutrality, impartiality, and empathy be rediscovered and reasserted among those involved in the deliverance of development aid.


The Exploitation of Art as a Weapon of War and a Means of Cultural Eradication

By Gail Fletcher Published March 13, 2015

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Cultural artifacts are incredibly vulnerable to both unintentional and deliberate destruction during times of war. As seen by the videos and images released by ISIS, Iraqi artifacts are not immune to the norm. Effective measures must be taken to end the destruction and illegal trade of antiquities before it is too late.


Kenya Fortifies Border with Somalia After a Bloody 2014

By Blake Michael Published March 13, 2015

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The conflict between Al-Shabaab and the Kenyan Government has escalated dramatically since 2011. The increase in cross-border attacks, with the Westgate Mall Shooting serving as the most internationally well-known example, has prompted the the construction of a massive wall separating the two.


Was Boris Nemtsov Simply the Latest in a Long List of Putin-Critics Silenced by the Kremlin?

By Jennifer Kim Published March 13, 2015

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In the past few weeks, Russia has been reeling in the wake of the murder of prominent Putin-opposer Boris Nemtsov. Putin has since decried the killing, denying any hand in the attack-- but can he really be believed?


Taking on the Kremlin: It's Time for Something (Not So) Different

By Julie Gokhman Published March 13, 2015

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The economic sanctions implemented by the United States and the European Union to punish Russia for its aggression towards Ukraine has caused more harm than good. A different policy, one brought back from the past, should be instituted in order to improve relations between the US and Russia and protect both Ukraine and other former Soviet states.


Venezuela Seeks Equity in U.S. Relations

By Hannah Cashen Published March 13, 2015

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The tenuous relationship between Venezuela and the U.S. is no secret. But what happens when the government takes action in forcing out U.S. presence?


The Eye of the Tiger

By Matthew McGee Published March 13, 2015

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Since winning the presidential election in late January, Maithripala Sirisena has pledged to usher in a wave of reforms. However, despite stepping down from the presidency, the ousted president Mahinda Rajapaksa has publicly questioned the legitimacy of the elections and has announced his running for prime minister. With the outcome of reforms and the reactions of Rajapaksa's supporters to his ouster uncertain, the U.S. should be cautious in its devolving of aid management to the Sri Lankan government.


Changing of the Seasons: Political Unrest in Hungary

By Alissa Peterson Published March 13, 2015

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In a country faced with civil unrest, the recent disapproval of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban's incumbency has put Hungary's political stability increasingly at risk. The importance of internal reform has never been more pertinent in Hungarian history, as Russia waits on the sidelines for their turn to intervene.


ISIS, Boko Haram, and the Rise of the Supranational State

By Blake Michael Published February 20, 2015

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The rise of Boko Haram and ISIS, coupled with the subsequent failure of the international community to successfully maintain recognized borders, has ushered in an era of quasi-supranational states. The ability of these groups to secure territory within multiple states and create a system of governance has demonstrated the inability of international law to respond to independent militant forces with control of areas in which internationally recognized governments no longer have a monopoly on violence.


Pursuing Cultural Reconciliation through Linguistic Diversity in Post-Conflict Northern Ireland

By Christopher Hanna Published February 20, 2015

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Although nearly seventeen years have passed since the Northern Ireland conflict came to its official close, the country remains highly divided. The normalization and promotion of its minority languages would help to forge a multiethnic society at peace with itself and its past.


The "Unbreakable" Bond: Netanyahu's Gamble

By Christopher Cho Published February 20, 2015

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Washington's steadfast support for Israel has, for decades, been a hallmark of American foreign policy. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, however, appears willing to test that commitment, accepting a controversial invitation to address a joint session of Congress on Iran. The reaction on Capitol Hill"”a bona fide political firestorm"”may be a sign that Israeli premier has overplayed his hand.


On the Brink of War in Kashmir

By Meghan Flyke Published February 20, 2015

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The relative peace that has existed in Kashmir over the past decade was disrupted again early this year when economic pressure and changing policies led to cross-border fire on both sides. The renewal of the conflict raises human rights concerns and questions of the involvement responsibility of superpowers like the United States and China.


Nigeria and Neighbors Unite Against the Threat of Boko Haram

By Frances Yang Published February 20, 2015

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Boko Haram's hold within Nigeria has begun to spread across Western Africa in the past few months. In response to safety, political, and economic concerns, the African Union has proposed a joint military effort to combat Boko Haram and finally reinstate stability within the region.


Argentinean Prosecutor Death: Assassination, Suicide, or Coup?

By Jennifer Kim Published February 20, 2015

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Argentina plunged into turmoil only a few weeks ago when it was discovered that a prosecutor, Alberto Nisman, was found dead in his home only hours before he was set to testify in front of Congress over President Kirchner's involvement in shielding alleged Iranian terrorists in exchange for trade agreements. Recent findings have since emerged, leaving some fully convinced of Kirchner's involvement in the suspicious death-- and others less sure.


Decision 2014: Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, Brazil, Bolivia and Uruguay

By Blake Michael Published November 9, 2014

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With most Americans focused on the Midterms, it's easy to forget that 2014 is an election year elsewhere in the Americas. This year, Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Uruguay hosted presidential elections in an election cycle which could shape the face of Latin American politics over the course of the next half-decade.


Why Have Enemies, When You Can Have Friends?

By Marc Getzoff Published November 9, 2014

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The United States faces extremely difficult options in Iraq and Syria. However, the ideology that centers on targeting groups as "enemies" rather than attempting to find reliable allies is one that continues to harm U.S, interests and will not help to end the conflict.


Vigilantism Around the World: The Case Against Batman

By Svati Pazhyanur Published November 9, 2014

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With the growth in vigilantism facing inadequate police forces or criminal justice systems around the world, organized violence and targeted killings have also increased. The international community needs to take a harder stance on vigilante groups and shift its focus from short term solutions towards structural governmental reform to improve countries' security.


The United States and Iran: Reassessing a Failed Foreign Policy

By Nate Jara Published November 9, 2014

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The United States seems convinced that preventing the Islamic Republic of Iran from developing a nuclear weapon is critical to preserving stability and American strategic interests in the Middle East. However, its efforts to do so have failed much more than one might be inclined to think.


Decreasing Oil Prices as a Tool of Coercion

By Morgan Greene Published November 9, 2014

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Iran and Russia's ability to fall back on their oil wealth as a means of resisting Western sanctions is undermined by decreasing oil prices. Whether intentional or consequent, falling oil prices are a key tool of coercion.


Sleepwalking Towards Fascism

By Christopher Hanna Published November 9, 2014

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A far-right political movement threatens to engulf the United Kingdom in an unprecedented era of ultra-right nationalism. Its rising influence has sparked a fierce struggle for the soul and future of the British people.


Bring Back Our Girls: Women's Education and the Fight against Terrorism

By Gabriella Johnston Published November 9, 2014

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In April 2014 Boko Haram abducted more than 260 school girls in northern Nigeria. As of October 2014, those girls have still not been returned to their homes. Why have our counter-terrorist efforts failed? The answer: we've been fighting with guns, what we should be fighting with books.


Terrorism and Trade: China's Future in Central Asia

By Matthew McGee Published November 9, 2014

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To help maintain regional stability as well as to increase its regional presence, China is planning to create a network of trade routes across Asia and Europe, in addition to giving significant aid to Afghanistan. However, opening up western China may prove to be a double edged sword that, though bringing in increased trade money, may also exacerbate already high ethnic tensions in the region and lead to more violence.


A Reluctant Ally: Turkey in the Fight Against the Islamic State

By Christopher Cho Published November 9, 2014

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Turkey's mere tacit support for the U.S. led anti-ISIL coalition highlights a growing gulf between the long-time allies. Our flagging relations have potent implications on the war against the Islamic State and immediate consequences in the Syrian border town of Kobani.


Nigeria: The Future for Kidnapped Schoolgirls

By Frances Yang Published November 9, 2014

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When news of the 276 girls kidnapped by Boko Haram in Nigeria broke last year, public outcry mobilized to advocate for their release. More than six months later, the girls are still held captive with a dismal forecast for further negotiations. However, the future of these kidnapped girls may lie in a focus on the larger issues of Boko Haram's 12-year violent campaign.


Unions in Cambodia Abound, But Unfair Working Conditions Persist

By Hannah Cashen Published November 9, 2014

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Cambodia boasts one of the highest union density rates in the world. So why is it still such a dangerous place to work, and why are there so many strikes?


Balancing Chinese Regional Unipolarity

By Sanat Valecha Published November 9, 2014

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India has strengthened economic and military ties with Far Eastern nations to create a balancing force against growing Chinese power in Asia.


What Happened to "Bring Back Our Girls?" While the World Forgets, Boko Haram Continues Abductions

By Jennifer Kim Published November 9, 2014

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Six months ago, the world erupted over the kidnapping of 276 Nigerian school girls by Islamic terrorist group Boko Haram. The issue became global, with the twitter campaign #bringbackourgirls trending worldwide and supported by widely recognized figures such as First Lady Michelle Obama. Their plight was soon forgotten, but their situation, and the attacks of Boko Haram, are far from gone.


U.S., Take a Leaf Out of Canada's Book: Stop The Outsized Coverage of Terrorist Violence

By Sarah Cutler Published November 9, 2014

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A side-by-side comparison of U.S. and Canadian coverage of the October 23 Ottawa shooting provides valuable lessons for American media.


Understanding the Argentinian Debt Crisis

By Julia Pascale Published October 24, 2014

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Argentina defaulted on its national debt this summer, but who was really to blame? How hedge funds made this happen.


When the Enemy of Your Enemy Isn't Your Friend

By Sanat Valecha Published October 24, 2014

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With the rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, the West must fight both the radical extremist group and its enemy, the Syrian government. To coordinate its response and ensure only its allies reap the benefits of its bombing campaigns, the international community should work more closely with its chosen moderate rebel groups in Syria.


To the Beleaguered Hong Kong 'Umbrella Revolution': The Sun Will Come Out Tomorrow

By Sarah Cutler Published October 24, 2014

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Though the Hong Kong protests have faced their share of problems, from the lack of a cohesive message to publicity issues rooted in the Communist Party's censorship, these protests have taught the world some valuable lessons.


Alternate Routes Towards Peace in Palestine

By Christopher Hanna Published October 24, 2014

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As negotiations with Israel crumble, the Palestinian Authority is exploring alternative means by which it can bring about the end of Israel's military and settler occupation of the West Bank. These efforts should be both commended and expanded.


Small Victories in the Mexican Drug War: What they Mean for Peace

By Meghan Flyke Published October 24, 2014

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Though cartel leader Hector Beltran Leyva was recently arrested in Central Mexico, his violent organization may be responsible for the disappearance of 43 student protestors at the beginning of October. The simultaneous events pose a new outlook on the future of drug wars in Mexico.


Roots of the Islamic State

By Morgan Greene Published October 24, 2014

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The ideology and history underlying the Islamic State are crucial to understanding the actions of this new terrorist organization. In addressing this threat, Middle Eastern and international powers must work in concert to undermine its ideology, semblance of legitimacy and military force.


Protests in Hong Kong, a Chance for Civil Rights

By Marc Getzoff Published October 24, 2014

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The recent protests in Hong Kong have only signaled much of what is to come. In order to promote civil rights and democracy, the United States must come to the aid of the protesters and must prevent the Chinese government from silencing them without consequence.


American Immigration Beyond the Popular Vote

By Hannah Cashen Published October 24, 2014

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Immigration continues to be a hot-button topic in American politics and campaigns. But immigrants themselves are soon lost in the shuffle when policies turn into platforms shaped to glean support and popularity.


Delegate or Disintegrate: Catalonia's Quest for Autonomy

By Blake Michael Published October 24, 2014

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The Scottish Referendum held this past September has called into question the economic validity of secession in the globalized world. Catalonia, a region of Spain with a distinct culture and language, may break the mold by means of attempting to secede as an economic powerhouse. The fate of the Spanish nation may very well lie on the decisions made by her national government through the end of the year, with the Catalonian Parliament calling for an independence referendum on November 9th.


When Charity Goes Wrong: Should NGOs Stop Taking Foreign Aid?

By Jennifer Kim Published October 24, 2014

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While NGOs are the driving force in non-profit work worldwide, not all motivations for funding NGOs are purely charitable. Backlash against foreign aid is growing worldwide, with nations concerned about foreign interests working through NGOs to further their own political agendas. However, considering the massive positive impact NGOs have had in communities"”particularly in the developing world"”should they truly have such a large source of their funding cut off?


Foregoing Protections in the Pursuit of Profits: Garment Workers, Fashion Models, and the Industry that Violates their Rights

By Gabriella Johnston Published October 24, 2014

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Labor rights issues are becoming increasingly difficult to address as globalization and the expansion of international markets continues to complicate the way that goods are produced. The Rana Plaza factory collapse in 2013 highlights these issues and proves that organizing workers along industry-specific supply chains is the key to ensuring that the rights of workers around the world are protected.


The Foreign Policy of Ebola

By Svati Pazhyanur Published October 24, 2014

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While fears over the outbreak of Ebola have spurred calls for extreme measures, including trade restrictions and complete travel bans, cutting off Africa from the rest of the world would have devastating consequences for every country involved. Rather than attempting to quarantine the continent, the international community should bolster public health interventions in place and assist struggling countries with continued economic, political and infrastructural support.


Is Kim Jong-un Still at North Korea's Helm?

By Nate Jara Published October 24, 2014

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Kim Jong-un's lengthy disappearance from the public eye sparked intense speculation about the possibility of a coup in North Korea. Should his recent resurfacing put rumors of his removal from power to rest? The short answer: no.


Syrian Refugees: An International Game of Hot Potato

By Frances Yang Published October 24, 2014

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The mounting Syrian refugee crisis has found an unstable temporary solution in neighboring countries. Countries are closing their doors, and the question of who will pitch in to offer asylum to these 3 million refugees must move to the forefront of international coordination and agreement.


Narco-Politics: Lessons from the 2014 Iguala Massacre

By Christopher Cho Published October 24, 2014

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Mexico is reeling in the aftermath of a police shootout that resulted in the death unarmed student protestors in Iguala. The tragedy, however, illuminates a plethora of daunting challenges Mexico must learn from and eventually overcome.


Stuck between a Rock and a Hard Place: How to Combat ISIL

By Matthew McGee Published October 13, 2014

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Despite frequent airstrikes by US and other coalition members against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Syria and Iraq, it appears little to no progress is being made in pushing back ISIL forces. Meanwhile, despite having forces on the border and facing an imminent threat should the strategic town of Kobani fall, Turkey for now seems content to wait for two enemies, ISIL and Kurdish forces, which it sees as terrorists, fight each other. In the process, it is preventing the increased intervention that is needed in order to stem the growth of ISIL. In order to protect Turkish security as well as significantly turn the tide against ISIL, greater action must be taken immediately.


Time To Move On: Ending the American Embargo on Cuba

By Nate Jara Published April 21, 2014

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The Cuban embargo has been a staple of American foreign policy for half a century, and yet it hasn't produced any noticeable results. It's time to reconsider our foreign policy stance towards our neighbor in the Gulf.


Who Wants to Be An Indian Prime Minister

By Usamah Andrabi Published April 21, 2014

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India's first election in five years will be a decisive one that is bringing to the forefront issues of religious tension still present. Frontrunner, Narendra Modi, cannot address the economy without confronting his questionable past.


Redirecting U.S. Foreign Aid

By Morgan Greene Published April 21, 2014

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U.S. foreign aid has historically been used to compel allies and enemies comply with the U.S.'s goals. USAID is in dire need of reconstruction to repair years of corruption and misuse to once again achieve goals of strengthening key allies, promoting democracy, establishing economic leverage, fortifying domestic political coalitions, and encouraging peace and prosperity.


Indo-Pak Relations Under Modi's Government

By Sanat Valecha Published April 21, 2014

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Narendra Modi and the Bharatiya Janata Party's (BJP) impending election victory could have grave implications for the future of Indo-Pak relations.


Egypt's Backwards Fall into Oppression

By Marc Getzoff Published April 21, 2014

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Despite having been heralded for its largely peaceful overthrow of Hosni Mubarak, Egypt seems to be slipping back into a crevasse of oppression and violence. The U.S's foreign policy and geopolitical goals must be re-evaluated in light of the most recent news.


Back to the Basics: Why the Russian Conflict Needs to be Framed Differently

By Hazel Guardado Published April 21, 2014

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The developments in Ukraine over the past few months have stirred geopolitical problems in the region that have been misinterpreted as a clash of civilizations. Rather than looking at the conflict as a clash of values between the East and West, it is important to understand each country's decisions as a strategic way of guaranteeing their security, integrity, and influence.


Distressing Diplomacy: US Foreign Aid to Anti-Homosexual, Anti-West Uganda Administration

By Shawn Han Choi Published April 21, 2014

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Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni has made it clear that he finds certain kinds of human beings categorically "disgusting." Does America agree?


Students' Trip to Auschwitz Raises Question: Should Palestinians Learn about the Holocaust?

By Sarah Cutler Published April 21, 2014

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A Palestinian professor's choice to bring 27 students to a concentration camp receives an explosive response, highlighting the need for more trips of its kind to promote understanding and tolerance in Israeli-Palestinian negotiations.


How Good is "Afghan Good Enough"?

By Svati Pazhyanur Published April 21, 2014

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As the US and NATO begin their withdrawal from Afghanistan, continued aid and support must remain in place to stem the Taliban's resurgence.


Little Mogadishu

By Deborah Egbo Published April 21, 2014

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With continuous relocation of Eastleigh inhabitants to Somalia, and an increase in Al Shabaab presence in Nairobi, the Kenyan government is faced with the task of maintaining peace in the small Somali settlement.


Democracy At What Cost? U.S. Interventionism in Venezuela

By Shawn Han Choi Published March 17, 2014

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The United States can choose to perpetuate its long history of Latin American interventionism or to respect the rights of Venezuelans to conduct their own national experiment with democracy.


Mr. Sharif or: How I Learned to Stop Peace Talks and Love the Bomb

By Usamah Andrabi Published March 17, 2014

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Continued threats to Pakistan's national security have proven that the country necessitates a change in their approach to combating terrorism. A massive overhaul in security infrastructure is a prerequisite for any adequate solutions to be enacted.


The Risks of Reviving Economic Sanctions

By Morgan Greene Published March 17, 2014

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The West needs to rethink it's use of economic sanctions and devise more effective tools to address the crisis in Crimea.


Energy Diplomacy in Ukraine

By Sanat Valecha Published March 17, 2014

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European dependence on Russia's vast natural gas reserves allows Russian aggression, including the invasion of Ukraine, to go unchecked. However, the recent surge in domestic natural gas production has the potential to allow the United States to employ its energy policy to advance its geopolitical interests and combat those of its rivals.


Why the "American Umpire" Must Create New Expectations for France

By Hazel Guardado Published March 17, 2014

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The United States is often criticized for intervening in foreign affairs, but its essential role in the international community is undeniable. Part of this role involves encouraging other countries to assume greater responsibilities, especially in areas where they are adept. Today, this means recognizing France's strong political and cultural history with Russia and pushing it to create stronger diplomatic ties. ?


Investing in Africa's Rise

By Svati Pazhyanur Published March 17, 2014

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While Africa's current youth bulge offers substantial opportunities for gains in productivity and economic growth. However, investments in family planning programs in areas where fertility rates remain high are necessary in order to harvest these opportunities and support Africa's Rise.


To Urge Repeal of Ugandan Anti-Gay Bill, West Should Take Pragmatic Approach

By Sarah Cutler Published March 17, 2014

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If the West wants Uganda to repeal recent anti-gay legislation, we need to stop moralizing and start focusing on the effects the bill will have on the country's public health programs and development initiatives.


CAR Violence: A Unique Case of Insurgency

By Deborah Egbo Published March 17, 2014

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As long as land ownership remains a problem in Central African Republic (CAR) conflicts like the CAR Bush War and the current state of unrest between the seleka and anti-balaka rebel movements, discord will be a continuous occurrence in the country.


A New Cold War or a Game of Chess?

By Marc Getzoff Published March 17, 2014

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Russia's assertion of regional dominance in the Ukraine has reached a climax that leaves it up to the U.S to respond. After losing their support of Ukraine, Russia has moved to assert its regional dominance and has left the U.S to decide whether it will play this game of Chess of start a new Cold War.


From Blue Skies to Gray: the Victims of America's Drone Fetish

By Usamah Andrabi Published November 8, 2013

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The US drone policy has been criticized countless times without any real response from the Obama administration on the opposition's concerns. However, this ignorance does not come near the utter disrespect that members of the Rehman family faced when they traveled to America.


Caught Red Handed. Again.

By Luka Jankovic Published November 8, 2013

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America's spying allegations have transcended the domain of its private citizens and entered into the realm of foreign governments, potentially straining global foreign relations. Actions such as spying on allies undermine the perceived loyalty of the United States to its allies, and ultimately, these allegations could have unintended consequences in the future.


The World Watched the U.S. Government Shutdown

By Morgan Greene Published November 8, 2013

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Although the immediate domestic effects of the recent government shutdown seem limited "” temporary job losses, the closing of federal parks and monuments, a temporary postponement of research "” the blow to American power and prestige cannot be underestimated. The shutdown undermined the U.S. global image, weakened deterrence, and slowed economic recovery in both the U.S. and abroad.


West African Piracy: A Glimpse of Light for a Forgotten Threat

By David Rubin Published November 8, 2013

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The US should initiate piracy related discussions as well as lead international efforts to pressure West African leaders in order to decrease the quantity of pirate attacks off of the coast. Absent effective dialogue and steps taken to ensure the protection of ships, attacks that disrupt the flow of trade and threaten the lives of crew members will continue.


Syria: The Latest Theater of the New Middle Eastern Cold War

By Sanat Valecha Published November 8, 2013

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This piece discusses the idea of the Middle Eastern Cold War, contested largely between Saudi Arabia and Iran, and uses it to explain what is happening in Syria today. In essence, Syria's regression into a warring, domestically weak state has created a conflict that acts as a proxy in which Saudi Arabia and Iran further their rivalry, Sanat argues.


Fighting with Fur: Identity Disputes in the Tibetan Plateau

By Max Zimmerman Published November 8, 2013

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The Tibetan plateau has been the home to a dispute that has lasted almost 70 years now between the local population and the Chinese government. Since the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) ascended to power, the Tibetans have endured its attempts to commodify Tibetan culture, traditions, and values as well as replace them with those of the mainland. Now, Tibetans are speaking up -- using fur.


Restoring US Environmental Leadership

By Svati Pazhyanur Published November 8, 2013

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In the face of the growing threat of Chinese (and global) pollution, the United States must address its falling credibility as a leader in shaping global environmental policy. Whether it is in the form of ratifying and implementing many stalled treaties or even more radical carbon pricing, it is time for the US to make aggressive environmental policy a priority and set an example for the developing world.


Boko Haram: A Threat to Nigeria's Development

By Deborah Egbo Published November 8, 2013

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Nigeria faces a new threat to continuous economic development: Boko Haram, a Nigeria-based terrorist organization. Boko Haram, which means "Western education is sin," aims to enforce the Sharia law in all thirty-six states in Nigeria and has carried out attacks on several attacks on civilians with a major focus on targeting Christians and government officials.


Why Are We Against a Nuclear Iran?

By Pat Casey Published November 8, 2013

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Why is the notion of nuclear weapons in the hands of the Iranians so unthinkable that the United States would be willing to go to such great lengths to ensure that it never happens? In this piece, Pat discusses the risks and uncertainty involved in a world with a developed nuclear arms program in Iran.


Reforming Drug Policy Thinking in West Africa

By Dan Cohanpour Published November 8, 2013

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As the drug trade grows in the region, West African governments must steer away from retroactive methods of drug policy that emphasize incarceration rather than education, prevention, and rehabilitation. Additionally, these governments should boost support of border patrol posts as well as train and monitor local police authorities in order to curb any criminal activity on the borders, mitigate trafficking at its source, and improve ineffective and often corrupt policing.


Syria, Putin's Op-Ed, and American Exceptionalism

By Luka Jankovic Published October 11, 2013

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On the 12th anniversary of the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, Russian President Vladimir Putin's op-ed entitled "A Plea for Caution From Russia," arguing against military intervention in Syria, has generated both applause and criticism.


China needs a (Soft) Power Play

By Max Zimmerman Published October 11, 2013

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Despite being a country of over a billion people with a 5000 year uninterrupted history and, arguably, the most remarkable level of sustained economic growth ever, the Chinese government and people have a hard time exporting their culture abroad and gaining trust from the international community.


Democratizing the Global Development Agenda: Ideas vs. Implementation

By Dan Cohanpour Published October 11, 2013

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Currently, there are many day-to-day communal processes, both governmental and nongovernmental, that occur without substantive input from relevant stakeholders. Without having the opportunity to provide input, people are disempowered and disengaged with the system.


A New Iran, A New Middle East

By Usamah Andrabi Published October 11, 2013

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Although President Hassan Rouhani is a leader who may not be as well-known to Americans as his infamous predecessor, the moderate who replaced Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as the President of Iran is a more American-friendly leader than the public could ever imagine for the country.


The Future of Communicating Threatening Intentions: Cyber Warfare

By Morgan Greene Published October 11, 2013

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It has never been easier than it is today to inflict damage and take lives without boots on the ground. Using cruise missiles, predator drones, and even nuclear weapons, the U.S. can exert influence without directly risking American lives. In a time when technology has the potential to inflict massive casualties, the solution should be obvious"”attack technology, not people.


The Chemical Weapons Taboo

By Pat Casey Published October 11, 2013

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In the wake of the Syrian chemical assault in late August and the debate over how the United States should respond to it, chemical weapons have been in the spotlight of national and international news for more than a month. One of the more popular arguments put forward to justify non-intervention is that military intervention in Syria is unwarranted because the international ban on chemical weapons is itself unnecessary. This article is intended to explain why the taboo against chemical weapons exists and ought to be preserved.


Drone Warfare

By Sanat Valecha Published October 11, 2013

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The populations of numerous countries express a strong disapproval of the use of drones for targeted missile strikes, and leaders of countries where the US has employed drone warfare have lashed out against the breach of their sovereignty. Before leading an intervention in Syria based on the regime's violation of international law concerning chemical warfare, the US should consider a world with laws limiting thescope and magnitude of drone warfare.


China's Foreign Aid to Africa

By Deborah Egbo Published October 11, 2013

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Unlike most traditional donors, China is still relatively new to large-scale foreign aid. Despite this, China has thus far done an impressive job in providing foreign aid, as the country's aid policy has made profound changes in the countries it supports.